Let's Workshop: ACS712 30A Current Sensor Module


Here is a quick introduction to using the ACS712 30A sensor module. Hopefully it will provide you with the confidence to intergrate current sensing into your project.

This example will demonstrate the use of an Arduino UNO in monitoring an analog pin voltage level as a current is applied to the terminals over the range that the sensor responds to.

Components

  • 1pcs Arduino UNO or Compatible - LCAA100005
  • 1pcs ACS712ELC-30A 30A Current Sensor Module - BDAA100006
  • 3pcs Male to Female Jumper Cables - GBAA100002

Wiring

Wire the two boards to the Arduino as can be seen in the images below, taking care to match the pin numbers.

Coding

The code consists of a definition, setup and loop. First the A0 pin is assigned followed by a varaiable to store the value read. This allows easier use later in your program. A setup informs the system that the pin is an input is an input and then lauches the serial connection. Next we enter the loop, where the value on the pin is read and stored in the variable declared earlier. As the analog pins interpret values over a 1024 part range, we do some simple scaling for our amp range of -30 to 30A. Following that we send the value to the serial monitor so that the value can be read on the screen.

Load the code below into the Arduino IDE and upload it to your board.

/*
  A simple program designed to setup and demonstrate the ACS712 30A sensor module - BDAA100006
 
  The program monitors a connected analog pin, interprets a voltage level and outputs the value to the
  serial monitor.
  
  modified 14th August 2019
  by Sebastian Karam - Flux Workshop
*/
int analogApin = 0; // define OUT signal pin
int analogA; // define variable to store value read from pin
  
void setup() {
  pinMode(analogApin, INPUT); // set the OUT signal pin as an input
  Serial.begin(9600); // launch the serial monitor
  Serial.println("Flux Workshop Example");
}
 
void loop() {
  analogA = analogRead(analogApin);  // read the voltage level on the A0
  Serial.println((String)"Current: " + (((analogA-512)*60)/1024) + "A"); // send the result to the serial monitor
  delay(500); // pause for a moment before repeating
}

Running

With the board loaded with the program and all the connections made the serial monitor will produce an output like the one seen below. In this case the sensor is in line with a 8A device. When powered, the sensor picks it out at 8A. The polarity is then switched and it goes to -8A.

What to try next?

  • Use the output along with a voltmeter to monitor power usage over a period.
  • Set a trigger to alert you when a particular value of current is detected.
Next article Let's Workshop: ACS712 20A Current Sensor Module

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